One of the biggest science breakthroughs of the year: Denisovians and Neandertal genome projects
Researchers sequenced the genome of the Denisovians, a group of ancient humans that lived 41,000 years ago in Siberia.
Along with the sequencing of the Neanderthal genome, researchers also sequenced the genome of the group of ancient humans named the Denisovians, who lived 41,000 years ago in Siberia.
They isolated DNA from a bone fragment, a finger bone that belonged to a girl with brown eyes, brown hair and brown skin who died in Siberia between 74,000 and 82,000 years ago.
By comparing the genetic sequences of these ancient hominins to modern humans and our primate relatives, researchers learn more about how these ancient species lived, acted, and evolved. The DNA even informed us that humans possibly interbred with both of these species, since we can find some of their DNA in the genome of some modern humans.
Some further background on Neandertal research. The Neandertal genome project was initiated in 2006 to sequence the 3 billion bases that make up the complete genome of the closest human relative – the Neandertals.
A multidisciplinary research consortium led by Svante Pääbo at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, is undertaking analysis of the sequence data which has been generated in collaboration with 454 Life Sciences and Illumina.
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